Personality disorders cause a deviation from the usual character traits. This behaviour becomes chronic and stable. It causes suffering or disruptions in the person’s thoughts, behaviours or relationships.
Borderline personality refers to a general pattern of instability in relationships, self-image and affects. It manifests itself through fear of abandonment, unstable relationships ranging from idealization to devaluation, harmful impulsivity or intense anger, suicidal behaviour or self-mutilation, or a feeling of emptiness.
The hysterical personality
The hysterical (or histrionic) personality corresponds to a general mode of functioning in which the person is perpetually seeking the attention of others and uses seductive behaviour or various provocations to attract attention. The person often displays theatricality and exaggerates his or her emotions while being easily influenced by others.
The dependent personality manifests itself by an excessive need to be taken care of, most often corresponding to a fear of separation. The person constantly seeks the approval and support of others regardless of the consequences for him or her. The person has difficulty making decisions alone without being reassured excessively, assuming responsibility or expressing disagreement.
The obsessive-compulsive personality refers to a general mode of preoccupation with order, details, rules, perfectionism, and mind control. It manifests itself in an excessive devotion to work and productivity at the expense of leisure and friendships and in a reluctance to delegate to others, greed for money and great mental rigidity.
The Avoidant Personality
Avoidant personality is characterized by social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, inferiority, and hypersensitivity to the negative judgment of others. It is accompanied by avoidance of social activities, difficulty getting involved in a relationship for fear of being rejected, criticized or looking ridiculous.