Anxiety is a mental state of turmoil and agitation, with an indefinable sense of insecurity, a fear without purpose.
Agoraphobia is generally defined as the fear of finding oneself in situations from which it might be difficult to escape or in which it would be difficult to get help in the event of a panic attack. This anxiety can manifest itself in the fear of being alone outside the home, being caught in a crowd or in a line, crossing wide open spaces or even taking transportation.
Panic attacks are manifested by symptoms such as palpitations, sweating, trembling, sensations of “shortness of breath” or a feeling of suffocation or strangulation, chest discomfort, nausea, dizziness, etc. These manifestations may be spontaneous (occurring in the absence of an anxiety-provoking situation) or may be related to agoraphobia, claustrophobia etc. Panic disorder is best summed up by the “fear of being afraid” (anticipation and fear of the consequence of the occurrence of a panic attack).
Diffuse phobias (or panphobia)
Diffuse phobias correspond to a permanent state of tension, in which panic attacks occur, without apparent motives or triggered by futile circumstances. The phobic is afraid of everything.
Specific phobias correspond to the irrational fear of being confronted with a specific situation, which can be of several types:
Examples of phobias! (non-exhaustive)
Fear of Cats: Ailurophobia
Fear of Spiders: Arachnophobia
Fear of bees: Apiphobia
Fear of Dogs: Cynophobia
Fear of Insects: Entomophobia
Fear of Snakes: Ophiophibia
Fear of Birds: Ornithophobia
Fear of mice or rodents: Musophobia
Fear of heights: Acrophobia
Fear of water: Hydrophobia
Fear of storms: Cheimophobia
BLOOD-INJECTION-ACCIDENT or OBJECTS:
Fear of needles (or sharp objects): Aichmophobia
Fear of blood: Hematophobia
Fear of injections: Trypanophobia
Fear of Accidents: Amychophobia
Fear of flying: Aerophobia.
Fear of confined spaces: Claustrophobia
Fear of the dark: Nyctalophobia
Fear of crossing a bridge: Gephyrophobia
Fear of vomiting: Emetophobia
Fear of falling: Ptophobia
Fear of fainting: Asthenopathy
Fear of driving a car: Amaxophobia
Fear of getting sick: Nosophobia
Fear of swallowing: Phagophobia
Social phobia refers to the fear of social interactions, performance situations or being observed by others for fear of acting in a humiliating or embarrassing manner. This phobia can be limited to one type of situation (speaking in front of an audience, writing in front of someone…) or generalized (concerning most social situations).
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is made up of recurrent and intrusive thoughts that lead to anxiety and rituals that are designed to relieve the anxiety caused by the obsessions. These rituals can be repetitive behaviours (washing, tidying up, checking…) or mental acts (calculations, conjurative formulas…).
Examples of obsessions! (not exhaustive)
Fear of dirt, germs (bacteria, diseases …)
Fear of having odious thoughts about religion or sexuality
Fear of contamination
Obsession with symmetry
Obsession with order
Afraid you can’t throw away useless things…
Fear of committing acts of violence
Examples of rituals! (not exhaustive)
Excessive checks (lights, doors, gas…)
Conjuring formulas (walking on lines to ward off bad luck…)
Excessive washing (hands, nose, multiple showers…)
Repetitive touching of objects
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) follows a traumatic event during which a person has experienced intense fear or feelings of helplessness. The event is then relived on a recurring basis and can cause a net reduction in interest in certain activities, a restriction of positive emotions, sleep difficulties, fits of anger, startle reactions…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder manifests itself by excessive preoccupation with the future, health, work, etc. for oneself or one’s loved ones that is difficult to control.